Here you can find all the results of the research. The full Report with all the case studies is available at the link


Social dialogue, collective bargaining and employee participation cannot be seen as separate and independent practices. They are interlinked. Changes in one of the three areas automatically influence the others.

Aware of this reality, ProEFP partners launched a new action whose aim is to explore how employee participation and collective bargaining support each other. In the aftermath of the economic crisis, the project wants to revitalise the nexus between statutory rules and collectively agreed rules to boost employee participation in European companies. It will do it going through the current EU acquis in the field of information, consultation and participation rights of employees and exploring how changes in collective bargaining national systems have impacted a correct implementation of these rights at national and European level. The focus is therefore on the legal tools which set a clear nexus between collective bargaining and information, consultation and participation rights.

At the end of the project, a Report will advance policy options for a better use of information, consultation and participation rights. It will elaborate on options like statutory regulation vs. negotiated rules, national regulation vs. European regulation, hard regulation vs. soft regulation. It will be supported by an in-depth analysis of the status quo of the industrial relation perspectives in the post crisis socio-economic environment. The benchmark with the commerce and service sector will tell how the policy option may be of use in concrete terms.

Exchange of practices will be supported by two events:

-   A study event will be organized to ensure an in-depth exchange of views among project partners and selected experts/stakeholders

-   A European Conference for a larger dissemination of project results with social partners, EU and national institutions and other stakeholders

The added value of the project resides in the fact that information and consultation practices and procedure will be studied in depth against the social and economic context in which they are developed. Further development of industrial relations cannot be planned without considering the main economic and societal challenges that companies have to deal with in different sectors. Considering that the legal analysis of the European acquis has been widely studied, this study will focus on operational aspects of enforcement of the acquis trying to point out obstacles and factor of success to a stronger implementation of such rights through collective bargaining. The Commerce and Service sector will work as benchmark. The project will point out common European trends and challenges in the economic and social field in order to make employee involvement a point of strength for the SMEs in Europe according to the objectives set in EU 2020 Strategy, the enhancement of the Single Market while preserving social cohesion. This methodology has already been used by PROEFP partners when a benchmark study on the automotive sector and one on the construction sector has been finalised in the past years (see The European dimension works in two directions: it will improve the collection and analyses of practices and, on the way around sill deliver policy options to be pursued at European level. The active participation of both employee and employer side will make the project contributing to the definition of join transnational trade union strategies in this field.

The researchactivity will keep into account different levels and perspectives of analysis and exchange. Several countries will be featured for the information collection and analysis of the good practices. However, the national approach will only be the starting point in order to enhance cross-border knowledge and a transnational approach to industrial relations. The findings related to the featured countries will be put in a comparative perspective, and will represent the ground for the transnational exchange. The active engagement of UniEurope, ETUC and DIESIS will ensure a direct involvement of their affiliates in the target countries from both employers and trade union side.

Syndex and Scuola Nazionale Servizi will be in charge with the drafting of the entire study under the supervision of CONFESAL.

In terms of benchmark analysis Syndex will perform the analysis of the Commerce sector while SNS will analyse the Private Service sector with a focus on facility management and personal and household services.

They will perform a desk-research investigation on the EU economic outlook, and economic and social policies related to employee involvement and nexus with collective bargaining. They will also in charge with the supervision and editing of the entire study.

In each Country European and national organisation will have the task to support experts, give them access to information, to point out best practices and contacts to run interviews.

The group of experts will provide an intermediate report “Taking stock of employee involvement in Europe and future challenges. Benchmarking the commerce and service sector”.

The research activity will be enriched by the results of 2 study events that will allow the partnership to confront and discuss with National and European stakeholders.

The research group will collect findings from the study events and will advance proposals for conclusions. Findings will be supported by, at least, 5 case studies in the commerce sector in 5 different countries and 5 case studies in private service sector in 5 different countries.

Case studies will be identified during the Study events and be exemplificative of the main trends recorded during the first stage of desk-research investigation activity. Case studies will be developed through interviews with company and employee representatives and access to company documents (balance sheet, collective agreements, social reports, others)

The study and the results reached by the partnership will be presented on the occasion of a final conference that will be held in Bussels.


The project enjoys a large and qualified partnership composed by the following organisations



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PROEFP is a European multi-stakeholder network that promotes Employee Financial Participation in Europe. PROEFP annual conference will take place in Brussels on the

29th March from 10.30am to 1pm 
ITUH, Boulevard du Roi Albert II, 5 ì Bruxelles

30th of March from 9am to 4pm
COPACOGECA Conference Centre - Rue de Trèves 61, 1050 Brussels  

PROEFP invites to attend 2 days of public debates based on 3 publications that address 3 challenges that Europe is currently confronted with: wealth inequalities, employee involvement and quality of legislative frameworks. All of them can be addressed through a wise use of EFP schemes.

In the Report Economic Democracy In The European Semesterour analysis stressed that democracy and market economy have to go hand-in-hand: it cannot be otherwise. The market redistributes wealth and democracy ensures that such distribution responds to social justice requirements. We also met the idea that a better wealth distribution would have helped growth and that employee financial participation supports skill developments in our labour markets. Country analysis 2017, issued by the European Commission on the 22nd of February, finally identify wealth distribution and investment in people two strategic challenges but overlook the role that EFP can have in addressing them.

We also said that our social market economy would need more participation of employees in company life, so anchoring industrial relations to social dialogue patterns. This year, we have investigated what remains of employee participation after years of economic crisis. A long crisis that has deeply transformed the supply side of the EU economy and overhauled our industrial relations systems. The Report Employee Involvement in the Postcrisis Europe is a contribution that PROEFP brings to a present-day debate. We have benchmarked the commerce and service sector because - as in the PROEFP traditions - we seek in sector analysis facts and evidences that enrich our debates.

In our past discussions, we also stressed the need to reinforce the democratic institutions of the single market. In that regard, PROEFP will present the publication Legislative Techniques and Social Policies.Economic democracy requires a quality legislative framework in which needs of business and labour are in good (better) balance. How can the legislator, whether national or European, take decisions that are pro-growth and pro-inclusion at the same time? The future of social law in Europe passes through an insight into the economic democracy dynamics. A quality law-making should strike a new balance between social requirements and business needs. 

Clic here to discover more about the new ProEFP proect





European Parliament resolution of 14 January 2014 on financial participation of employees in companies’ proceeds


  • Obstacles to EFP uptake in the EU
  • Taxation issues
  • Recommendations

Download here in all EU languages


Financial participation of employees in companies’ proceeds

Report of the European Parliament 2013

employee financial participation (EFP) schemes can offer direct financial benefits above and beyond agreed basic remuneration structures…

Available in all EU languages here


Action Plan on Company Law and Corporate Governance

In 2012, the European Commission (DG Market) issued an Action Plan: European Company Law and Corporate Governance - A Modern Legal Framework For More Engaged Shareholders and Sustainable Companies

For the first time Employee Share Ownership becomes part of a larger strategy of the EU institutions in the field of corporate governance:

The Commission believes that employees’ interest in the sustainability of their company is an element that ought to be considered in the design of any well-functioning governance framework.

Available in all languages here


Employee financial participation in Europe

Opinion of the Economic and Social Committee of the European Union 2010

Employee financial participation (EFP) offers an opportunity for businesses, employees and society as a whole to participate more, and more effectively, in the success of the increasing Europeanisation of economic activity.

Available in all EU languages here

Other studies

The Promotion of Employee Ownership and Participation

Study prepared by the Inter- University Centre for European Commission’s DG MARKT(2014)

This Study provides an overview of the development of employee financial participation across the EU-28. It highlights the growth of financial participation of employees over the last decade.


Jens Lowitzsch (European University Viadrina, Frankfurt-on-Oder, Germany)

 Iraj Hashi (Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom)

Contributing Authors:

Alban Hashani (Staffordshire University)

Sabine Schneider (European University Viadrina, Frankfurt-on-Oder, Germany)

Lea Salathé (European University Viadrina, Frankfurt-on-Oder, Germany)

Dave Lemmens (European University Viadrina, Frankfurt-on-Oder, Germany)


On this page is possible to download the abstract, the executive summary, the full study and supporting documents.

PROEFP materials

Reports (downloads or links):

Report 1

Report 2

Case Studies:

Enel (Italy)

Airfrance (france)

Herend (Hungary)

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